What Should I Eat During Menopause?
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What Should I Eat During Menopause?


What Should I Eat During Menopause?

Reema’s Diet & Wellness Clinic can guide you with a highly effective menopause diet from the reputed menopause Dietician Reema Madhian. Check out below all that you need to know.

What is Menopause?

Menopause is a natural biological process in a woman’s body. It’s the permanent end of fertility and menstruation. For most women, it happens once 1 year has passed since the last menstrual cycle. During menopause, a woman’s body creates fewer female hormones (progesterone and oestrogen). 

Menopause occurs between the 40s-50s in women but may happen at earlier ages due to family history of early menopause, cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation targeting their pelvic area and medical treatments which remove their ovaries. 

The symptoms of menopause can show years before the last menstrual cycle in a phase known as pre-menopause. Such symptoms are irregular menstruations, weight gain, slowed metabolism, loss of breast fullness, hair thinning, dry skin, sleep pattern issues, night sweats, mood changes, vaginal dryness, chills and hot flashes.

Menopause and Diet

Obesity is a global health issue which impacts all age groups. It’s also found among menopausal women. Due to hormonal alterations in the body, menopausal women more possibly gain weight and turn obese or overweight. With this higher risk of obesity, comes an increased risk for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. So, weight management plays a vital role in lowering these risks. 

Weight management is important and must involve dietary, surgical and pharmacological treatments as per the patient’s requirements. 

Health problems in menopausal women are mainly related to urogenital atrophy, oestrogen-responsive malignancy, osteoporosis, cardiovascular problems, sexual disorders and vasomotor symptoms among others. However, the most crucial risks related to menopause are acute myocardial infarction and hypertension. Besides treating the hormonal alterations in menopausal women, it is also essential to promote modification of any harmful lifestyle practices, consuming a well-balanced diet and more physical activities. 

Food Recommendations for Menopausal Women

A well-balanced diet must satisfy all nutritional needs in a suitable quantity and proportion. Apart from that, a few studies suggest that they can improve some symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, sleep problems and low bone density. Check out below the top menopause diet food recommendations for women. 

Have More Dairy Products

The lower oestrogen levels can raise the risks of fractures and osteoporosis in menopausal women. Adding dairy products that are rich in potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamins D and K to your menopause diet can help promote bone health. Recommended dairy products include yoghurt, and low-fat cheese and milk. The women who can’t digest dairy must search for foods such as orange juice, etc. which are abundant in calcium or the ones such as almonds that naturally have calcium. 

Eat More Fruits and Vegetables

As in any diet, consuming veggies and fruits can help enhance optimum health. Vegetables and fruits are filled with vital minerals and vitamins, fibre and antioxidants. Therefore, about half of your plate should be ideally full of fruits and vegetables. 

Postmenopausal women can find cruciferous vegetables highly beneficial. For example, consuming broccoli can help reduce a form of oestrogen related to breast cancer, and can help increase a kind of oestrogen which helps protect against the disorder. 

Menopausal women may also be benefitted if they eat berries such as blueberries and blackberries to help decrease their blood pressure levels.  

Drink More Fluids

Drinking water is a must during menopause. Dry skin and vaginal dryness because of low oestrogen levels are typical. Hence, drinking sufficient quantities of water, about 8-10 glasses every day, can help you to maintain your skin moisture. You do not need to obtain al water from drinking. This is because, food, particularly plants, hold a large amount of water as well. Moreover, drinking water decreases bloating caused by hormonal changes. 

Consume Whole Grains

Last but not the least, whole grains are significant during menopause. These include brown rice, oatmeal, quinoa and barley. These food items are good sources of B vitamins which aid in managing stress, enhancing digestive health and boosting energy. 

Limit High-Fat Foods

Fat provides 25-35% or less of your overall daily calories. Besides, restrict saturated fat to less than 7% of your overall daily calories. Saturated fat increases cholesterol and the risk of heart disorders. it is present in cheese, ice cream, whole milk and fatty meats. Restrict cholesterol to 300mg or less every day. Also try to avoid trans fats present in certain margarine, several baked foods and vegetable oils. Trans fat also spikes up cholesterol and risks of heart problems. 

Use Moderate Salt and Sugar

Excess sodium in take raises blood pressure. Besides, go easy on charbroiled, salt-cured and smoked foods which possess high amounts of nitrates that have been associated with cancer.

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